Citations


Pregnancy

  1. An ectopic pregnancy is a condition where an embryo implants outside of mother’s uterus, such as in her fallopian tube.


Undecided

  1. An ectopic pregnancy is a potentially life-threatening condition where an embryo implants outside of a mother’s uterus, often in her fallopian tube. This condition can only be detected through an ultrasound.


Medication Abortion (First Trimester – Up to 7 Weeks LMP)

  1. “Fact Sheet: Induced Abortion in the United States,” The Guttmacher Institute, last modified July 2014, http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/fb_induced_abortion.html.
  2. “Medication Guide: Mifeprex,” The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, last modified March 30, 2016, http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/DrugSafety/ucm088643.pdf.
  3. Graham Lee Brewer, “Oklahoma Abortion Doctor Facing Felony Charges Loses State Medical License,” The Oklahoman, Dec. 30, 2014.
  4. “Mifeprex: Prescribing Information,” Danco Laboratories, last modified March 30, 2016, http://www.earlyoptionpill.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/MIFEPREX-Labeling-and-MG-FINAL_March2016.pdf. See also “$15 Million Lawsuit Filed In Case Of Local Woman Who Died After Abortion,” The Chattanoogan, Aug. 14, 2002.
  5. An ectopic pregnancy is a potentially life-threatening condition where an embryo implants outside of a mother’s uterus, often in her fallopian tube. This condition can only be detected through an ultrasound.


First Trimester Aspiration Abortion (5-14 weeks after last menstrual period (LMP)

  1. “Abortion: Methods of Abortion,” Columbia University, accessed March 6, 2015, http://www.columbia.edu/itc/hs/pubhealth/modules/reproductiveHealth/abortion.html.
  2. “Manual and Vacuum Aspiration for Abortion,” WebMD, accessed March 6, 2015, http://www.webmd.com/women/manual-and-vacuum-aspiration-for-abortion.
  3. Shannon Firth, “Nurses, Midwives, and Pas Fill Gap as Abortion Providers: When physician is removed does risk increase?” March 3, 2015, MedPage Today, http://www.medpagetoday.com/OBGYN/GeneralOBGYN/50285, last accessed March 10, 2015.
  4. “Manual and Vacuum Aspiration for Abortion,” WebMD, accessed March 6, 2015, http://www.webmd.com/women/manual-and-vacuum-aspiration-for-abortion.


Dilation and Evacuation (D&E)

  1. Maureen Paul et al., Management of Unintended and Abnormal Pregnancy: Comprehensive Abortion Care (United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2009), 157-77.
  2. Justin Diedrich and Eleanor Drey, “Induction of fetal demise before abortion, (January 2010), Society of Family Planning, http://www.societyfp.org/_documents/resources/inductionoffetaldemise.pdf, accessed March 6, 2015.
  3. “Dilation and Cutterage (D&C),” WebMD, http://www.webmd.com/hw-popup/dilation-and-curettage-dc, accessed March 6, 2015.
  4. Curette: A sharp, loop-shaped medical instrument.


Labor Induction Abortion (Second and Third Trimester)

  1. Anna K. Sfakianaki, et al., “Potassium Chloride—Induced Fetal Demise: A Retrospective Cohort Study of Efficacy and Safety,” Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: 337-341, accessed March 5, 2015, doi: 10.8763/332337.
  2. Rachel Perry, “Options for second-trimester termination,” Contemporary OBGYN, Nov. 1, 2013, http://contemporaryobgyn.modernmedicine.com/contemporary-obgyn/content/tags/abortion/options-second-trimester-termination?page=full.
  3. Sfakianaki, et al. “Potassium Chloride-Induced Fetal Demise,” 337-341. See also: Beth Daley, “Oversold and misunderstood: Prenatal screening tests prompt abortions,” accessed March 6, 2015, The New England Center for Investigative Reporting, http://features.necir.org/prenatal-testing.


Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy

  1. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/symptoms-of-pregnancy/PR00102
    http://www.americanpregnancy.org/gettingpregnant/earlypregnancysymptoms.html


Plan B One Step

  1. Plan B® One-Step package insert. Package insert available at: http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2009/021998lbl.pdf (Accessed September 15, 2016)
  2. Plan B® One-Step package insert. Package insert available at: http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2009/021998lbl.pdf (Accessed September 15, 2016)
  3. Plan B® One-Step package insert. Package insert available at: http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2009/021998lbl.pdf (Accessed September 15, 2016)
  4. Plan B® One-Step package insert. Package insert available at: http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2009/021998lbl.pdf(Accessed September 15, 2016)
  5. “Conception & Pregnancy: Ovulation, Fertilization, and More.” WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/baby/guide/understanding-conception. (Accessed September 15, 2016)
  6. Plan B® One-Step package insert. http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2009/021998lbl.pdf. (Accessed September 15, 2016)
  7. Plan B® One-Step package insert. Package insert available at: http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2009/021998lbl.pdf (Accessed September 15, 2016)
  8. Plan B® One-Step package insert. Package insert available at: http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2009/021998lbl.pdf (Accessed September 15, 2016)


ella

  1. ella package insert. “Dosage and Administration.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  2. ella package insert. “Indications and Uses.” Package insert available at: http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  3. ella package insert. “How effective is ella?” Package insert available at: http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  4. ella package insert. “Patient Counseling Information.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  5. ella package insert. “Warnings and Precautions.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  6. ella package insert. “Pediatric Use.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  7. ella package insert. “Clinical Studies.” Package insert available at: http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  8. ella package insert. “Patient Counseling Information.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  9. ella package insert. “Pregnancy.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  10. ella package insert. “Nursing Mothers.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  11.  ella package insert. “Repeated Use.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  12. ella package insert. “Pediatric Use.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  13. “Conception & Pregnancy: Ovulation, Fertilization, and More.” WebMD. Accessed March 6, 2015. http://www.webmd.com/baby/guide/understanding-conception.
  14. ella package insert.” Mechanism of Action.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  15. ella package insert. “Adverse Reactions.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  16. ella package insert. “Patient Counseling Information.” Package insert available at: http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)
  17. ella package insert. “Effect on Menstrual Cycle.” Package insert available at http://pi.watson.com/data_stream.asp?product_group=1699&p=pi&language=E (Accessed March 6, 2015)

Note: Option Line and our network of participating pregnancy centers offers peer counseling and accurate information about all pregnancy options; however, these centers do not offer or refer for abortion services. The information presented on this website and given through contacting Option Line is intended for general education purposes only and should not be relied upon as a substitute for professional and/or medical advice.